Prof. Jakub Langhammer
Professor of Physical Geography,  Vice Dean at Faculty of Science, Charles University in Prague.

Hydrologist and physical geographer, affiliated at Department of Physical Geography and Geoecology, Faculty of Science, Charles University in Prague, head of the Research group of Hydrology, founder of hyDRONE team.
Research focused of the impacts of landscape changes and distrubance on runoff processes and fluvial dynamics, hydromorphological assessment of streams and water quality changes. Applied research in risk processes modelling. 
Lectures on Hydrology, Geoinformatics in Physical Geography, Floods in the Landscape and Stream Water Quality.


Contact: 
Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography and Geoecology, 
Hydrology Research Group, jakub.langhammer@natur.cuni.cz


Available thesis topics

Available topics for bachelor and master theses.

Available PhD positions.




Recent publications

LANGHAMMER, J., 2019. UAV Monitoring of Stream Restorations. Hydrology, 6(2), 29; doi:10.3390/hydrology6020029

This study examines the potential and limits of the unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) applicability for the monitoring of stream restoration in an urban environment. UAV imaging was used for long-term post-restoration monitoring of an urban stream. The recurrent imaging campaigns in the restored segment of Hostavicky brook in Prague, The Czech Republic, were undertaken for three years since the restoration. The UAV monitoring revealed that the new stream pattern substantially differs from the proposed restoration plan. Despite this, the new channel has proved stability, supported by intense grassing of the floodplain, resulting in only marginal evolution of the restored channel. The new channel proved the ability to mitigate the course of a significant flood event without significant flood spills outside the riparian zone. The UAV monitoring also revealed intense eutrophication in newly created shallow ponds with insufficient drainage. 



LENDZIOCH, T., LANGHAMMER, J., JENICEK, M.. 2019. Estimating Snow Depth and Leaf Area Index Based on UAV Digital Photogrammetry. Sensors 2019, 19(5), 1027; doi:10.3390/s19051027. 

This study presents a novel approach in the application of Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) imaging for the conjoint assessment of the snow depth and winter leaf area index (LAI), a structural property of vegetation, affecting the snow accumulation and snowmelt. The snow depth estimation, based on a multi-temporal set of high-resolution digital surface models (DSMs) of snow-free and of snow-covered conditions, taken in a partially healthy to insect-induced Norway spruce forest and meadow coverage area within the Šumava National Park (Šumava NP) in the Czech Republic, was assessed over a winter season. LAI assessment, crucial for correct interpretation of the snow depth distribution in forested areas, was based on downward-looking UAV images taken in the forest regime.
Comparison with the conventional survey indicated that spring snow depth was overestimated, and spring LAI was underestimated by using UAV photogrammetry method. Since the snow depth and the LAI parameters are essential for snowpack studies, this combined method here will be of great value in the future to simplify snow depth and LAI assessment of snow dynamics.




LANGHAMMER, J., JANSKÝ, B., KOCUM, J., MINAŘÍK, R., 2018. 3-D reconstruction of an abandoned montane reservoir using UAV photogrammetry, aerial LiDAR and field survey. Appl. Geogr. 98, 9–21. 

In this study, we used unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) to produce a detailed 3-D reconstruction of an abandoned montane reservoir that was built for timber flowing in the beginning of 19th century and that has not recently been used for any purpose. The UAV imaging and photogrammetric processing provided an ultra-high-resolution 3-D model of the reservoir basin (5?cm per pixel). Bathymetric analyses were performed based on this basin model to calculate the reservoir volume and flooded area for different water levels. The reliability of the UAV-based model was tested by comparing the results with those of elevation models derived from geodetic field survey using a total station and from conventional data sources based on available aerial LiDAR data. The data were compared to the historical estimates of the reservoir parameters found in the literature.
Bathymetric reconstruction of the reservoir properties based on high-resolution UAV data revealed significant retention potential of the structure and historical underestimation of its capacity. The highly detailed UAV-based model helped to eliminate inaccuracies, resulting from the use of the generalized conventional elevation data, that affect the volumetric estimates in the flat topography of the reservoir basin.





LANGHAMMER, J., VACKOVÁ, T., 2018. Detection and Mapping of the Geomorphic Effects of Flooding Using UAV Photogrammetry. Pure and Applied Geophysics. Online first. DOI:10.1007/s00024-018-1874-1 

In this paper, we present a novel technique for the objective detection of the geomorphological effects of flooding in riverbeds and floodplains using imagery acquired by unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs, also known as drones) equipped with a panchromatic camera. The proposed method is based on the fusion of the two key data products of UAV photogrammetry, the digital elevation model (DEM), and the orthoimage, as well as derived qualitative information, which together serves as the basis for object-based segmentation and the supervised classification of fluvial forms. The orthoimage is used to calculate textural features, enabling detection of the structural properties of the image area and supporting the differentiation of features with similar spectral responses but different surface structures. The DEM is used to derive a flood depth model and the terrain ruggedness index, supporting the detection of bank erosion. The newly derived information layers are merged into a multi-band data set, which is used for object-based segmentation and the supervised classification of principal fluvial forms resulting from flooding, i.e., fresh and old gravel accumulations, sand accumulations, and bank erosion. The method was tested on the effects of a snowmelt flood that occurred in December 2015 in a montane stream in the Sumava Mountains, Czech Republic, Central Europe.




LANGHAMMER, J., BERNSTEINOVÁ, J., MIŘIJOVSKÝ, J., 2017. Building a High-Precision 2D Hydrodynamic Flood Model Using UAV Photogrammetry and Sensor Network Monitoring. Water 9, 861. doi:10.3390/w9110861 

This paper explores the potential of the joint application of unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV)-based photogrammetry and an automated sensor network for building a hydrodynamic flood model of a montane stream. UAV-based imagery was used for three-dimensional (3D) photogrammetric reconstruction of the stream channel, achieving a resolution of 1.5 cm/pixel. Automated ultrasonic water level gauges, operating with a 10 min interval, were used as a source of hydrological data for the model calibration, and the MIKE 21 hydrodynamic model was used for building the flood model. Three different horizontal schematizations of the channel—an orthogonal grid, curvilinear grid, and flexible mesh—were used to evaluate the effect of spatial discretization on the results. The research was performed on Javori Brook, a montane stream in the Sumava (Bohemian Forest) Mountains, Czech Republic, Central Europe, featuring a fast runoff response to precipitation events and that is located in a core zone of frequent flooding. The studied catchments have been, since 2007, equipped with automated water level gauges and, since 2013, under repeated UAV monitoring. The study revealed the high potential of these data sources for applications in hydrodynamic modeling. In addition to the ultra-high levels of spatial and temporal resolution, the major contribution is in the method’s high operability, enabling the building of highly detailed flood models even in remote areas lacking conventional monitoring.

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for more, see list of Publications or profiles at:

http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4039-2187             https://goo.gl/sAE9Gy             https://goo.gl/izfkN5      


New projects starting!
UAS monitoring of river systems response to the changing climate in the montane environment
EU COST Action CA16219, LTC 19024, 2019-21

The research explores the potential of unmanned (UAS) technologies for monitoring the effects of climate change and forest disturbance on the dynamics of hydrological processes in mountain areas. The research uses the techniques of multispectral, thermal, and LiDAR UAS monitoring of landscape elements, crucial for the formation of runoff in headwater areas.



Spatial and temporal dynamics of hydrometeorological extremes in montane areas


Czech Science Foundation GAČR 19-05011S, 2019-21 
The research project examines the changing patterns of hydrometeorological extreme processes in montane areas of the Czech Republic and aims at identification of changes in dynamics of extreme hydrometeorological processes in mountain basins, having a major effect on the Czech Republic's hydrological regime. The research fills the gaps in knowledge on changing patterns in spatial distribution, frequency, seasonality and magnitude of hydrometeorological extremes in montane catchments and their key driving forces. 


Media

Missing maps, crowdsourcing, drones - new trends in crisis mapping (audio, in Czech)
CRo Radio Wave, 2016-07-25
http://prehravac.rozhlas.cz/audio/3674699


Veda na UK ‎(2015/07)‎


ESRI conference Prague 2014 - invited talk